Filipino has been the national language of the Philippines since 1957. It is based on Tagalog but also includes elements from the other languages of the Philippines, such as Bisaya, Ilongo, Cebuano and Ilokano, and from Spanish, English and Chinese. Since 1978 Filipino has been used as the language of instruction in schools and universities throughout the Philippines, though English is also widely used.
The Filipino alphabet has under gone a number of changes over the years. The last major one was in 1987, when the letters ch, ll and rr were removed. The version of the alphabet shown below is the 1987 one and is still used as of today.
I used here some special symbol for you to determine how was the word was pronounced and how to put intonation in some words. Though the intonation is not that so important,and the tone was depending on the mood of the speaker, still you have to learn the right intonation for you to express your Filipino language correctly. There are some words that may need the proper intonation. There are some words that have the same spelling but with different tone and meaning. Here are the special symbol i used:
Ā - High and steady tone
Â - Start high, then downward tone with immediate pause*Ă - Start high, then goes to the bottom, then rises the tone
À - Start high, then downward tone with immediate pause.*
Á - From low to top with immediate pause*
unmarked - Mean it has no emphasize or nuetral. Just speak it low and fast
(*immediate pause is done by holding your breath and voice after you say the word.)
Example: puno [pūnò] (tree) [punò] (full)
kita [kīta] (see) [kītà] (income)
pako [pakò] (fern) [pākò] (iron nail)
The tone was given only in vowel letters. These symbols are never used in writing the Filipino words. I just used them to guide you for the intonation.
Basic Filipino Expression
Politeness is very important for Filipinos, so using polite intonation, accent and words (po, opo, oho) must be used when you are speaking in a person older than you. The word "po (pò)" is actually used on every sentence to show politeness in the person older than you. The word "opo (opò)" which means "yes" is also used to show politeness.
Here are some basic Filipino expressions for you to start learning the language:
Hello/How are you? - Kumusta (po). / Kumusta ka na? / (Spanish: "Commo esta!")
[kumūsta (pò) / kumūsta kā nā?]
Hi everyone! - Kamusta kayong lahat! [kumūsta kayōng lāhāt]
Good morning! - Magandang umaga (po)! [magandāng ūmāgā (pò)]
Good noon! - Magandang tanghali (po)! [magandāng tānghālì (pò)]
Good afternoon! - Magandang hapon (po)! [magandāng hāpōn (pò)]
Good evening! - Magandang gabi (po)!
What are you doing? - Anong ginagawa mo?
I'm fine, thanks! - Maayos naman (po) ako, salamat (po).
Thanks! / Thank you! - Salamat (po)! / Salamat sa'yo ( / sa iyo)! [salāmāt (pò) / sa'yō]
Sorry - Patawad (po)! / Pasensya (po)! [patawād (pò) / pasēnsyā (pò)]
How do you say XX? - Pa'no ( / Paano) sabihin ang XX? [pā'nō sabīhīn āng XX?]
Yes - Oo / Opo [Ōo / Ōpò ]
No - Hindi (po) [hindì (pò)
I want to study Filipino language. Gusto kong mag-aral ng wikang Filipino.
I'm studying Filipino. Ako ay nag-aaral ng Filipino.
I am Filipino - Ako ay Pilipino.
I am living in Philippines. - Ako ay nakatira sa Pilipinas.
I am from Philippines. - Ako ay galing sa Pilipinas.
You're welcome! - Walang anuman (po)! [walāng anumān (pò)]
Happy Birthday! - Maligayang Kaarawan!
Merry Christmas! - Maligayang Pasko!
Happy New Year! - Masayang Bagong Taon!
Why are you not saying anything? - Bakit hindi ka nagsasalita (ng kahit ano)?
[Bākit hindì ka nagsasalītà ng kahit āno?]
See you tomorrow! - Magkita nalang ulit tayo bukas!
Let's talk again next time - Mag-usap nalang ulit tayo sa susunod.
Are you still there? - Nandiyan ka pa ba? [Nāndiyan kā pa bă?]
Bye! - Paalam![paālām]